A cross-sectional study on l2 pragmatic development: The case of compliments in english

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“For several decades, there has been a growing interest in pragmatics as a theoretically and/or empirically based discipline in order to understand the linguistic and extra linguistic means that language users employ to communicate in everyday interaction. The study of pragmatics has been of paramount importance to understand how interlocutors construct meaning in particular situational contexts. From the various aspects which have been studied within pragmatics (e.g., deixis, entailment, implicature, impoliteness, mitigation, politeness, presupposition), speech acts have been by far the most widely researched and documented in the literatura. In the field of interlanguage pragmatics, the study of speech acts as performed by native and non-native speakers of a language has served to chiefly examine non-native speech act behavior (both comprehension and production), at various stages of language proficiency, and in different social situations (Cohen, 1996; Ishihara & Cohen, 2010). The speech acts studied so far comprise requests, apologies, refusals, compliments, suggestions, expressions of gratitude, invitations, rejections, expressions of disagreement, corrections, and complaints (Culpeper, Mackey & Taguchi, 2018; Kasper, 1996). The results of such studies indicate that language learners with different language backgrounds and at different proficiency levels have access to the same range of speech act strategies as native speakers.”
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